U.S. health spending is an outlier among advanced countries—and is rising faster than spending in those countries: Health spending as a share of GDP, by country, 2017, and annual growth in health spending, by country, earliest data year through 2007 and 2017

Annual percentage-point change Annual percent change
Health spending as % of GDP, 2017 Earliest year–2007 Earliest year–2017 Earliest year–2007 Earliest year–2017
United States 17.2% 0.23 0.23 2.4% 2.2%
Switzerland 12.3% 0.14 0.16 2.0% 2.0%
Japan 10.7% 0.10 0.14 1.6% 1.9%
Norway 10.4% 0.11 0.14 1.9% 2.1%
France 11.5% 0.14 0.13 1.9% 1.7%
Belgium 10.0% 0.14 0.13 2.3% 2.1%
United Kingdom 9.7% 0.09 0.12 1.7% 1.9%
Spain 8.8% 0.13 0.12 2.5% 2.2%
Germany 11.3% 0.12 0.12 1.5% 1.5%
Austria 10.3% 0.13 0.12 1.8% 1.6%
Sweden 10.9% 0.07 0.12 1.0% 1.5%
Korea 7.6% 0.08 0.11 2.0% 2.3%
Netherlands 10.1% 0.10 0.10 1.4% 1.3%
Australia 9.1% 0.10 0.10 1.6% 1.5%
Finland 9.2% 0.08 0.09 1.2% 1.3%
Canada 10.4% 0.08 0.09 1.0% 1.1%
New Zealand 9.0% 0.09 0.08 1.3% 1.2%
Iceland 8.5% 0.11 0.08 1.7% 1.3%
Italy 8.9% 0.08 0.08 1.1% 1.0%
Israel 7.3% 0.08 0.07 1.4% 1.2%
Denmark 10.2% 0.05 0.06 0.5% 0.6%
Ireland 7.1% 0.08 0.05 1.3% 0.8%
Non-U.S. average 9.7% 0.10 0.10 1.6% 1.5%
Non-U.S. maximum 7.1% 0.05 0.05 0.5% 0.6%
Non-U.S. minimum 12.3% 0.14 0.16 2.5% 2.3%

Notes: Data are available beginning in different years for different countries. First year of data availability ranges from 1970 (for Austria, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States) to 1971 (Australia, Denmark), 1972 (Netherlands), 1975 (Israel), and 1988 (Italy).

Source: Author’s analysis of data from OECD 2018a

View the underlying data on epi.org.