Estimated number of temporary foreign workers employed in the United States, 2013

Nonimmigrant visa classification or status Number of workers
H-2A visa for seasonal agricultural occupations 74,859
H-2B visa for seasonal nonagricultural occupations 94,919
H-1B visa for specialty occupations 460,749
J-1 visa for Exchange Visitor Program participants 215,866
J-2 visa for spouses of J-1 exchange visitors 8,243
L-1 visa for intracompany transferees 311,257
L-2 visa for spouses of intracompany transferees 38,952
O-1/O-2 visa for persons with extraordinary ability (O-2 for their assistants) 29,894
F-1 visa for foreign students, Optional Practical Training program (OPT) and STEM OPT extensions 139,155
TN visa or status for Canadian and Mexican nationals in certain professional occupations under NAFTA 50,000
Total 1,423,894

Note: All references to a particular year should be understood to mean the U.S. government’s fiscal year (October 1–September 30).

View the underlying data on