Without government safety-net programs, millions more would be in poverty: Number of people in poverty, as measured by the Supplemental Poverty Measure, and additional number that would be in poverty without targeted government programs, 2014

Number in poverty
Currently in poverty 48,390,000 
Social Security 25,909,000
Refundable tax credits 9,785,000
SNAP 4,726,000
SSI 3,778,000 
Housing subsidies 2,829,000 
School lunch 1,248,000 
Unemployment insurance 932,000 
TANF/general assistance 616,000 
WIC 300,000 
LIHEAP 300,000 

EITC refers to the Earned Income Tax Credit; SNAP refers to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; SSI refers to Supplemental Security Income; TANF refers to the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program; WIC refers to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children; and LIHEAP refers to the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program.

Source: Adapted from Kathleen Short, The Supplemental Poverty Measure:2014, U.S. Census Bureau: September, 2015

View the underlying data on epi.org.