Growth in the number of full-service restaurant establishments and employment by type of tipped wage, 2011–2014

Equal treatment states States with a lower tipped minimum wage
Growth in the number of establishments 6.0% 4.1%
Growth in employment 13.2% 9.1%

Note: Equal treatment states are states that have the same minimum wage for all workers. Equal treatment states include Alaska, California, Hawaii, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington. Tipped workers in Hawaii may be paid $0.75 less than the regular minimum wage, but only if they earn a combined hourly wage (tips + base wage) of at least $7.00 more than the regular minimum wage.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (BLS-QCEW), 2011–2014

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