Student and family characteristics of the kindergarten class of 2010–2011

Student characteristics Share of total
White 51.5%
Black 13.7%
Hispanic 24.9%
Hispanic English-language learner (ELL) 11.4%
Hispanic English speaker 12.6%
Asian 4.4%
Other 5.5%
Girl 48.5%
Has a disability 20.5%
Family characteristics
Family type: living with two parents 68.2%
Family type: not living with two parents 31.8%
Language at home is English 84.7%
Language at home is not English (ELL) 15.3%
Native 74.0%
Immigrant 26.0%
Living in poverty 25.5%
Low SES (quintile 1) 20.3%
Low-middle SES (quintile 2) 20.5%
Middle SES (quintile 3) 20.0%
High-middle SES (quintile 4) 20.2%
High SES (quintile 5) 18.9%
Early educational practices
Pre-K care 79.3%
Pre-K care: center-based 55.1%
Enrichment activities with parents (mean in sample) 0

Note: SES stands for socioeconomic status. Among Hispanic children, some do not report their language status (Hispanic children with language reported account for 24 percent of the Kindergarten Class of 2010–2011).

Source: ECLS-K, Kindergarten Class of 2010–2011 (National Center for Education Statistics)

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