High-pressure labor markets erode race-based gaps in employment-to-population ratios: Changes in race-specific labor market indicators stemming from a 10-percent change in the overall indicator

Labor market indicator White Black
Unemployment 9.980% 9.059%
EPOP, ages 16+ 10.247% 14.325%
Prime-age EPOP 9.232% 16.223%
LFPR 10.856% 10.939%

Notes: Each bar shows the coefficient from the regression of the log of a group-specific labor market outcome on the log of the overall labor market outcome. Regressions include state and year fixed effects. Additional details and estimates are in the appendix. EPOP refers to the employment-to-population ratio; prime-age refers to adults ages 25–54; and LFPR refers to the labor force participation rate of people ages 16 and older.

Source: Authors’ analysis of annual, state-level aggregations of Current Population Survey data, 1979–2016

View the underlying data on epi.org.