Black and Hispanic employment for 25-54 year olds reach all-time high in 2023: Employment-to-population ratio for 25-54 year olds, 1978–2023

Black 25-54 Hispanic 25-54 White 25-54
1978 70.5% 66.5% 74.5%
1979 70.7% 67.4% 75.7%
1980 68.9% 66.9% 75.6%
1981 68.0% 67.8% 76.3%
1982 66.2% 65.5% 75.3%
1983 66.6% 65.0% 75.6%
1984 69.1% 67.5% 77.7%
1985 69.9% 68.3% 78.6%
1986 70.9% 69.2% 79.2%
1987 72.0% 71.2% 80.2%
1988 72.7% 71.8% 81.1%
1989 73.2% 72.6% 81.9%
1990 72.9% 72.1% 81.9%
1991 71.5% 70.1% 81.0%
1992 70.5% 69.7% 80.8%
1993 70.7% 70.3% 81.2%
1994 71.6% 70.7% 81.9%
1995 72.7% 71.3% 82.3%
1996 73.4% 72.5% 82.7%
1997 74.5% 74.4% 83.2%
1998 75.7% 74.8% 83.2%
1999 77.3% 75.0% 83.5%
2000 76.9% 76.9% 83.3%
2001 75.7% 75.8% 82.5%
2002 73.9% 74.8% 81.5%
2003 73.5% 73.9% 81.2%
2004 72.9% 75.2% 81.1%
2005 73.8% 75.6% 81.5%
2006 74.3% 76.6% 81.8%
2007 74.9% 76.9% 81.8%
2008 73.8% 75.4% 81.1%
2009 68.8% 71.5% 78.3%
2010 67.8% 71.7% 77.6%
2011 66.8% 71.6% 77.9%
2012 68.8% 72.4% 78.3%
2013 69.2% 72.8% 78.4%
2014 70.7% 74.3% 79.1%
2015 72.0% 74.5% 79.7%
2016 73.2% 75.2% 80.3%
2017 74.5% 75.9% 80.8%
2018 75.8% 76.8% 81.4%
2019 76.3% 77.4% 82.1%
2020 70.3% 71.5% 78.8%
2021 72.5% 74.1% 80.2%
2022 76.3% 77.4% 81.7%
2023 77.7% 77.9% 82.6%

Note: Race/ethnicity categories are mutually exclusive (i.e., white non-Hispanic, Black non-Hispanic, and Hispanic any race).

Source: EPI analysis of the EPI Current Population Survey Basic monthly extracts, Version 1.0.48 (2024), https://microdata.epi.org

View the underlying data on epi.org.