Over 70% of federal investigations of agricultural employers detected wage and hour violations: Violations detected during investigations of agricultural employers, by number of violations found per investigation, fiscal years 2005–2019

Number of violations Share of investigations
0 violations 29.5%
1 violation 16.7%
2–4 violations 22.7%
5+ violations 31.1%


Note: Data include H-2A, MSPA, FLSA, and all other types of employment law violations in the agricultural sector.

Source: Authors' analysis of U.S. Department of Labor, Wage and Hour Compliance Action Data  (U.S. DOL-WHD 2020f).

View the underlying data on epi.org.