Even when controlling for demographics and education, domestic workers are paid less in a year than similar workers: Average domestic worker annual earnings as a share of earnings paid to demographically similar workers in other professions, 2018

Earnings share Earnings gap
Domestic workers 46.2% 53.8%
Other workers 100%
House cleaners 33.2% 66.8%
Nannies 28.7% 71.3%
Home care (non-agency) 41.7% 58.3%
Home care (agency-based) 57.2% 42.8%


Notes: All earnings gaps are significantly different from zero at the 0.01 level. The regressions control for gender, nativity, race/ethnicity, educational attainment, age, marital status, and census geographical division. To ensure sufficient sample sizes, this figure draws from pooled 2016–2018 microdata. Since the earnings measure we use here does not include earnings from self-employment, earnings of workers who provide child care in their own homes are not included.

Source: Economic Policy Institute (EPI) analysis of Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement microdata

View the underlying data on epi.org.