Even when controlling for demographics and education, domestic workers are less likely to have benefits than similar workers: Percentage-point gap between the coverage rates of domestic workers and those of demographically similar workers in other occupations, 2018

Coverage gap
Domestic workers 21.4
House cleaners 26.2
Nannies 18.4
Child care (in own home) 34.5
Home care (non-agency) 24.9
Home care (agency-based) 17.1
Domestic workers 17.1
House cleaners 17.3
Nannies 17.3
Child care (in own home) 26.6
Home care (non-agency) 20.6
Home care (agency-based) 14.1


Note: All coverage gaps are significantly different from zero at the 0.01 level, using heteroskedasticity-robust standard errors. Regressions control for gender, nativity, race/ethnicity, educational attainment, age, marital status, and census geographical division. To ensure sufficient sample sizes, this figure draws from pooled 2016–2018 microdata.

Source: Economic Policy Institute (EPI) analysis of Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement microdata

View the underlying data on epi.org.