Poverty rates, in-home workers versus other workers, 2012
|Childcare workers||Direct-care aides|
|Not in-home||In-home||Percentage- point difference||Maids and housekeeping cleaners||Nannies||Provide care in own home||Not agency-based||Agency-based|
|Share below the poverty line||6.5%||23.4%||16.9||29.1%||23.3%||17.3%||18.9%||24.4%|
|Share below twice the poverty line||20.8%||51.4%||30.6||64.0%||43.2%||39.0%||43.5%||54.8%|
|In-home worker poverty penalty*||11.6****||14.4****||10.9****||7.7****||12.0****||12.6****|
|In-home worker “twice poverty” penalty*||19.4****||23.4****||12.2****||11.7****||17.0****||23.5****|
View the underlying data on epi.org.
* Percentage-point difference between poverty/"twice poverty" rates of in-home workers and those of demographically similar workers in other occupations
Note: **** indicates significance at the .01 level; *** indicates significance at the .05 level; ** indicates significance at the 0.1 level. OLS regressions control for gender, nativity, citizenship, race/ethnicity, educational attainment, age, marital status, urbanicity, and region of the country. Complete regression results available by request from the author. To ensure sufficient sample sizes, this table draws from pooled 2010–2012 data.
Source: Author's analysis of Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement data