Projected nondefense discretionary budget authority as a share of GDP, excluding supplemental spending, FY2017–FY2028

Year Historical average* (incl. supplemental) President’s budget Current law CPC budget Historical average* (excl. supplemental)
2017 3.53% 2.70% 2.70% 2.70% 3.47%
2018 3.53% 2.30% 2.97% 3.22% 3.47%
2019 3.53% 2.55% 2.82% 3.11% 3.47%
2020 3.53% 2.04% 2.46% 3.25% 3.47%
2021 3.53% 1.92% 2.42% 3.34% 3.47%
2022 3.53% 1.77% 2.40% 3.45% 3.47%
2023 3.53% 1.67% 2.37% 3.53% 3.47%
2024 3.53% 1.57% 2.33% 3.53% 3.47%
2025 3.53% 1.48% 2.30% 3.53% 3.47%
2026 3.53% 1.40% 2.27% 3.53% 3.47%
2027 3.53% 1.32% 2.24% 3.53% 3.47%
2028 3.53% 1.24% 2.21% 3.53% 3.47%

 

* Historical average reflects the average nondefense discretionary budget authority as a share of GDP between FY1980 and FY2007 (the last year before the onset of the Great Recession).

Note: Supplemental spending includes war, disaster, emergency, program integrity, and 21st Century Cures Act. For the president’s budget, this figure uses CBO’s projections of GDP. Data for 2017 represent actual spending. Data for 2018 exclude Changes In Mandatory Programs (CHIMPs). The historical average excluding supplemental spending is 3.47%.

Source: EPI Policy Center analysis of scores from the Congressional Budget Office and Office of Management and Budget

View the underlying data on epi.org.