State variation in key child care assistance policies

Description of policy Number of states affected
Income limit failed to keep pace with the increase in the federal poverty level between 2001 and 2015 27
Family of three with income above 100/150/200 percent of poverty could NOT quality for assistance in 2015 0/17/39
Waiting lists or frozen intake in 2015 21 (same in 2001)
Families at 100 percent of poverty (family of three) paid a higher percentage of income in copayment in 2015 than in 2001 28
Reimbursement rate set at federally recommended 75th percentile of market rates in 2015 1 (down from 22 in 2001)
Reimbursement rate at highest quality level was set above 75th percentile of market rate 8 (of 37 states with tiered center care of 4-year-olds)
Allowed families receiving child care assistance to continue receiving it for at least some amount of time while a parent searched for a job in 2015 45
Allowed families to qualify for and begin receiving child care assistance while a parent searched for a job in 2015 13
Offered tiered income eligibility in 2014 17 (range of 8% to 70% allowable increase; 25% is median)

Source: Forry et al. (2014); Schulman and Blank (2015); Minton et al. (2015)

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