Higher-income families spend more on children's enrichment activities: Per-child expenditures on enrichment activities, 1973–2006

Top income quintile Bottom income quintile
1973 $3,536  $835 
1984 $5,650  $1,264 
1995 $6,975  $1,173 
2006 $8,872  $1,315 

Note: "Enrichment expenditures" refers to the amount of money families spend per child on books, computers, high-quality child care, summer camps, private schooling, and other things that promote their children's capabilities.

Source: Adapted from Duncan and Murnane (2011)

View the underlying data on epi.org.