National average mathematics scores, Finland and U.S., TIMSS 1999–2011 and PISA 2000–2009

1999 TIMSS 2000 PISA 2009 PISA 2011 TIMSS Change (scale points) Annual rate of change, earliest to latest score
Finland TIMSS 520 514 -6 -0.1%
Finland PISA 536 541 4 0.1%
U.S. TIMSS 502 509 8 0.1%
U.S. PISA 493 487 -6 -0.1%
Finland-U.S. gap -19 -43 -53 -5

Source: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) as reported in Mullis et al. (2012); OECD Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) (2010a)

View the underlying data on epi.org.