Impact of decline in unionization on average hourly black-white wage gaps, by gender and potential experience, 1983–2015

Other factors Decline in unionization  Decline in union wage premium 
New entrant men 0.48% 0.42 0.68
Experienced men 1.40% 0.61 0.99
New entrant women 6.71% 0.12 0.80
Experienced women 6.88% 0.75 1.64

Source: EPI analysis of Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group microdata

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