Share of change in women’s black-white wage gaps accounted for by observable and unobservable factors, by potential experience and educational attainment, 1979–2015

Total observables Total unobservables  Total
New entrant women, high school only 1.35 -3.18 0
New entrant women, bachelor’s degree only -1.16 -0.67 0
New entrant women, bachelor’s degree or more -2.51 3.33 0
Experienced women, high school only 1.11 7.75 0
Experienced women, bachelor’s degree only -1.33 6.90 0
Experienced women, bachelor’s degree or more -1.86 10.20 0

Note: The *  signifies total net change labels where the change is statistically insignificant. Experienced workers have 11 to 20 years of experience. New entrants have 0 to 10 years of experience. Change in gaps are of adjusted average hourly wages. Labels on top of bars indicate net change in the black-white wage gap. Total unobservables include factors such as racial discrimination, unobservable skills, and wage inequality. Total observables include education, experience, region of residence, and metro status.

Source: EPI analysis of Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group microdata

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