Reported level of work-family conflict and work stress, salaried vs. hourly worker, by overtime status

No overtime(reported level/share of workers) Overtime-nonmandatory(reported level/share of workers) Overtime-mandatory(reported level/share of workers)
All (n=4,529) 35% 45% 20%
Work-family conflict
Salaried 2.0 (23%) 2.5 (53%)*** 2.8 (24%)***
Hourly 1.9(41%) 2.2(40%)*** 2.5 (19%) ***
Work stress
Salaried 2.9(23%) 3.4 (53%)*** 3.4 (24%)
Hourly 2.8(41%) 3.1(40%)*** 3.3(19%)

*** p<.001 in t-test. Overtime work that is mandatory is associated with greater work-family conflict, for both salaried and hourly workers, as compared to having either voluntary overtime or no overtime work. In addition, for both salaried and hourly workers, the reported level of work-family conflict is higher when overtime is mandatory than when not mandatory.  Work stress is higher for workers with overtime work generally, regardless of whether it is mandatory or voluntary. Reported work stress is not statistically significantly any higher if the overtime work is mandatory, versus not mandatory, among both salaried and hourly workers.

Note: The conflict scores reflect workers' responses (1=never, 2=rarely, 3=sometimes, and 4=often) to the question, "How often does your job interfere with family?" The stress scores reflect workers' responses (1=never, 2=hardly ever, 3=sometimes, 4=often, and 5=always) to the question, "How often do you find your work stressful?" Shares shown may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding.

Source: General Social Survey Quality of Worklife Supplement (NIOSH), pooled years 2002, 2006, and 2010

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