Logistic regression analysis of odds of being employed among American Indians and whites, ages 25–54, 2009–2011

Odds ratio Statistical significance
Basic demographics
American Indiana 0.694 ***
Latino 1.124 ***
Male 2.238 ***
Age 1.073 ***
Age squared 0.999 ***
Personal characteristics
Marriedb 1.122 ***
Never marriedb 0.778 ***
Number of children 0.883 ***
Veteran 1.107 ***
Has a disability 0.179 ***
Human capital
Speaks only English at home 1.075 ***
GEDc 1.497 ***
High school diplomac 2.415 ***
Some collegec 2.925 ***
Associate degreec 4.144 ***
Bachelor’s degreec 4.385 ***
Advanced degreec 7.078 ***
Urbanicity and reservation status
Central cityd 0.969 ***
Suburband 1.014 ***
Lives on or close to a reservation 0.983 **
State of residence (reference: states without tribal lands)
Alabama 0.909 ***
Alaska 0.977
Arizona 0.851 ***
California 0.760 ***
Colorado 1.018
Connecticut 1.059 ***
Florida 0.882 ***
Idaho 0.949 *
Illinoise 1.006
Iowa 1.582 ***
Kansas 1.289 ***
Louisiana 1.037 *
Maine 1.039
Massachusetts 1.019
Michigan 0.840 ***
Minnesota 1.406 ***
Mississippi 0.952 **
Montana 1.145 ***
Nebraska 1.628 ***
Nevada 0.860 ***
New Mexico 0.891 ***
New York 0.987
North Carolina 0.917 ***
North Dakota 1.773 ***
Oklahoma 1.101 ***
Oregon 0.822 ***
Rhode Island 1.129 ***
South Carolina 0.909 ***
South Dakota 1.756 ***
Texas 1.037 ***
Utah 0.846 ***
Washington 0.874 ***
Wisconsin 1.373 ***
Wyoming 1.332 ***
Log likelihood = -1128355.1
Pseudo R2 = 0.1241
Number of obs = 2,459,829

* p<.05; ** p<.01; *** p<.001; robust standard errors

Includes multiracial individuals. The reference category is white.

The reference category is separated, divorced, or widowed.

The reference category is less than a high school diploma.

The reference category is central city status unknown, not in a metropolitan area, and metropolitan status not identifiable.

Illinois does not have tribal lands; however, because many American Indians were relocated to Chicago in the mid-20th century, we include it in this analysis.

Note: These data include American Indian multiracials and Hispanics of both races, but exclude the foreign born.

Source: Author's analysis of American Community Survey data from Ruggles et al. (2013)

View the underlying data on epi.org.