Unionized manufacturing and construction workers get a bigger pay boost from union representation than their unionized peers in service industries: Union hourly wage premium, by select industries

Union wage premium
Services  8.0%
Manufacturing 17.9%
Construction  35.6%

Note: The union wage premium is regression-adjusted and shows how much more a worker covered by a collective bargaining contract earns in hourly wages than a peer with similar education, experience, and other characteristics in a nonunionized workplace in the same industry.

Source: Economic Policy Institute (EPI) analysis of individual-level Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group (CPS ORG) 2015–2019 pooled microdata from EPI Microdata Extracts (EPI 2021a).

View the underlying data on epi.org.