States with abortion protections have, on average, higher minimum wages than abortion-restricted states and the U.S. as a whole: Average minimum wage in states categorized by abortion policy

Abortion status Minimum wage
Abortion-protected  $11.92
Abortion-restricted $8.17
Federal rate $7.25

Notes: See Table 1 for state abortion status groupings. See Appendix Table 1 for full list of state minimum wage values. 

States are split into two categories: abortion-restricted and abortion protected. The “abortion-restricted” category includes the three sub-categories from Figure A: states with some restrictions or abortions bans which have been blocked in court, states with extreme restrictions, and states where abortion is completely banned. The “abortion-protected” states include states where abortion is available or there are very few restrictions.

Source: EPI, “Minimum Wage Tracker,” updated July 1, 2022; Figure A adapted from Guttmacher Institute, “US Abortion Policies and Access After Roe” (interactive map), updated October 16, 2022.

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