Linear regression coefficients for labor market outcomes on legal status
|Log of occupational education score||Log of hourly wages|
|Baseline model||Full model||Baseline model||Full model|
|Temporary worker (1=yes)||-.119***c||-0.034||-.135***d||-0.032||-.061c||-0.072||.014b||-0.061|
|Legal permanent resident (1=yes)||0.011||-0.032||0.002||-0.03||.187***||-0.043||.121***||-0.033|
|Years of education||.015***||-0.003||.009*||-0.004|
|Age at most recent U.S. trip||0.004||-0.005||-0.001||-0.007|
|No. of prior U.S. trips||-.007*||-0.003||.010***||-0.003|
|Duration of U.S. trip (in months)||0.0002||-0.001||.004***||-0.0003|
|No English (1=yes)||-.222***||-0.031||-.167**||-0.056|
|Limited English (1=yes)||-.180***||-0.029||-.135*||-0.055|
|Strong English (reference)||—||—||—||—|
|Close family w/ U.S. exp. (1=yes)||-0.006||-0.025||-0.021||-0.027|
|Ext. family w/ U.S. exp. (1=yes)||-0.034||-0.061||-0.063||-0.048|
|Close family living in U.S. (1=yes)||-0.0002||-0.026||.054**||-0.017|
|Ext. family living in U.S. (1=yes)||0.004||-0.051||.109*||-0.044|
|Joined U.S. social org.(s) (1=yes)||0.018||-0.028||0.01||-0.034|
|Job obtained by referral (1=yes)||0.001||-0.022||-0.001||-0.041|
|U.S. trip controls|
|Interviewed in the U.S. (1=yes)||0.052||-0.031||.143***||-0.031|
|Worked in a border state (1=yes)||-0.01||(.026)||-0.027||-0.032|
|Professional/Skilled job (reference)||—||—||—||—|
|Service/Sales/Office job (1=yes)||—||—||-.122**||-0.036|
|Unskilled manual job (1=yes)||—||—||-0.048||-0.038|
|Agricultural job (1=yes)||—||—||-.172***||-0.034|
* p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
a Models are weighted and standard errors adjusted for 143 Mexican community clusters; all models include dummy variables for year of U.S. trip (1987–2011)
b Indicates temporary workers’ statistically significant difference from legal permanent residents (p <.10).
c Indicates temporary workers’ statistically significant difference from legal permanent residents (p <.01).
d Indicates temporary workers’ statistically significant difference from legal permanent residents (p <.001).
Source: Mexican Migration Project 143; sample was limited to non-U.S. citizen, male heads of households who worked during their most recent trip to the United States when above the age of 16, from 1987 to 2011.