Consistently higher turnout among white voters was challenged by historic Black voter turnout in 2012 and, to a lesser extent by historic Hispanic and Asian voter turnout in 2020: Voter turnout in presidential election years by race and ethnicity, select years 1992 to 2020
Notes: Race and ethnicity categories are mutually exclusive (i.e., white non-Hispanic, Black non-Hispanic, Asian non-Hispanic, and Hispanic any race).
Source: Economic Policy Institute analysis of U.S. Census Bureau Historical Reported Voting Rates data, Table A-1.
Source: Economic Policy Institute analysis of U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey data, “Table A-1. Reported Voting and Registration by Race, Hispanic Origin, Sex and Age Groups: November 1964 to 2020” [downloadable Excel file] from Historical Reported Voting Rates. Last revised October 26, 2021.