Jobs supported by Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act and budget reconciliation bill spending, average per year over 10 years

Category Jobs
Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act
Roads, bridges, major projects 196,074
Safety 19,607
Public transit 69,517
Rail 72,933
Electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure 16,686
Reconnecting communities 1,782
Airports 26,394
Ports and waterways 23,138
Water infrastructure 79,964
Broadband infrastructure 60,605
Environmental remediation 35,412
Power infrastructure, including grid authority 81,206
Resilience 89,125
Subtotal 772,444
Budget reconciliation bill
Universal pre-K 197,659
Child care 341,711
Clean energy tax incentives  153,664
Electric vehicle (EV) rebates 41,043
Agriculture/forestry 69,593
Clean energy accelerator/green bank/infrastructure bank 12,531
Civilian Conservation Corps 6,951
Federal procurement of clean technology 21,016
Weatherization 9,060
Place-based clean energy economic development and environment 8,072
Education (postsecondary) 321,989
Long-term care 545,598
 ACA Premiums 102,768
Dental, vision, hearing 251,109
Public housing, preservation, supply, and affordability 115,261
Lawful permanent residences for immigrants 80,288
Community college infrastructure 7,633
Critical Supply Chain Resilience Fund 26,359
Manufacturing USA 2,279
National Institute for Science and Technology Laboratories 3,038
Extension Partnerships 5,317
Regional Innovation Hubs 7,596
Community Revitalization Fund 6,717
Auto supply chain 17,308
Manufacturing financing 12,800
Small Business Administration and minority business development 18,433
Rural Partnership Fund 2,636
Pandemic preparedness: HHS, DOE, DOD 12,508
Research and development 149,450
Workforce 82,177
Child nutrition 56,559
Paid leave 143,371
Subtotal 3,246,677
Total 4,019,122

Notes: Research and development includes research programs for infrastructure, the National Science Foundation Technology Directorate, climate research, Department of Energy demonstrating funding, ARPA-Climate initiatives, historically Black colleges and universities, and STEM centers of excellence and education programs. Pandemic preparedness includes designated funding for the Departments of Health and Human Services, Energy, and Defense. CTC/EITC/CDCTC denotes Child Tax Credit/Earned Income Tax Credit/Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit.

Source: EPI analysis of White House 2021b, 2021c, and 2021d.

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