Unions and Labor Standards

Labor Day by the Numbers

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(Note that all numbers are current as of September 3, 2010. States numbers are current as of August 20, 2010.)

JOBS NEEDED TO REGAIN PRE-RECESSION EMPLOYMENT RATE: 11 MILLION

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  • Change in total jobs in August 2010: -54,000; Change in jobs in August 2010, excluding 114,000 temporary U.S. Census Bureau jobs lost that month: +60,000
  • Change in private-sector jobs in August 2010: +67,000
  • Change in public-sector jobs in August 2010: -121,000; Change in public sector jobs, excluding 114,000 temporary U.S. Census Bureau jobs lost that month: -7,000
  • Change in size of the labor force in August 2010: +550,000
  • Accounting for population growth, number of workers that should have been added to the labor force since December 2007: +3.7 million; Actual change in the size of the labor force since December 2007: +241,000
  • The number of unemployed workers for every job opening: 5
  • Total jobs lost since the start of the recession: -7.6 million
  • Manufacturing jobs lost since the start of the recession: -2.0 million (14.9% of sector’s jobs)**
  • Construction jobs lost in the recession: -1.9 million (25.1%, one in four construction jobs)**

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE: 9.6%

  • Number unemployed: 14.9 million (up from 7.7 million in December 2007)**
  • Portion of unemployed who have been jobless more than six months: 42%
  • Portion of unemployed who have been jobless more than a year: 21.9%**
  • Underemployment rate: 16.7%; Number of under- and unemployed, marginally attached, and involuntary part-time workers: 26.1 million
  • Male unemployment: 10.6%; female unemployment: 8.6%
  • White unemployment: 8.7%; black unemployment: 16.3%; Hispanic unemployment: 12.0%
  • Average weekly unemployment benefit in July: $306; Average weekly benefit in July for those who still receive the $25 provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: $331;

STATES WITH DOUBLE-DIGIT UNEMPLOYMENT IN JULY 2010: 11

  • Highest unemployment rate: Nevada, 14.3%; lowest: North Dakota, 3.6%
  • Highest black unemployment rate: Michigan with 23.7%; Highest Hispanic unemployment rate: Nevada with 18.4%
  • Total change in number of state and local government jobs over the last two years (since the peak in August 2008): -282,000 jobs

CHANGE IN PRODUCTIVITY 2002-07: +11%; CHANGE IN MEDIAN COMPENSATION 2002-07: -0.6%**

  • Annual private-sector nominal hourly wage growth in the year before the recession: 3.4%; Nominal wage growth in 2010/2009: 1.6%
  • Share of income growth going to the top 1% of households from 1989 to 2007: 56%; Share of income growth going to the bottom 90% of households: 16%
  • Ratio of average CEO’s pay to typical worker’s pay in 1973: 27 to 1; Ratio right before the recession in 2007: 275 to 1

OVERALL SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFIT CUT FROM CURRENT RETIREMENT AGE INCREASE (65 to 67): 13%

  • Average annual Social Security benefit for a retiree: $14,050
  • Share of retirees receiving all their income from Social Security: more than 1 out of 4
  • Share of retirees receiving more than half of their income from Social Security: 69%
  • Share of older Americans (age 45 onwards) who prematurely took out funds from their 401(k), IRA, or other retirement investments in 2009: 18%; Share of Hispanic older Americans who did so: 22%; Share of African American older Americans who did so: 26%
  • >Total decline in assets from pensions, 401(k)-style accounts and IRAs between 2007 and 2009: $1.5 trillion
  • Number of workers whose employers do not offer a retirement plan: 78 million (49%)

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE FOR YOUTH (16-24): 18.1%

  • Share of youth (16-24) who are neither employed nor enrolled in school:* 17.9%
  • Number of young people (16-24) who have dropped out of the labor force since the recession began:* 1.1 million
  • Youth (16-24) share of the labor force in August 2010:* 13.6%; Youth share of the unemployed:* 25.6%
  • Unemployment rate for young (16-24) black workers in January 2010: 32.5%; For young Hispanic workers: 24.3%; For young white workers: 15.2%
  • The average student debt of graduates from private four-year institutions in 2000/01: $16,906; Average debt in 2007/08: $25,350

ANNUALIZED RATE OF GDP GROWTH, 2nd QUARTER, 2010: 1.6%

  • When the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act will cease to provide any boost to growth rate of GDP: Last quarter of 2010
  • Change in size of the economy since the start of the recession 31 months ago:* shrunk 1.3%
  • Number of full-time equivalent jobs supported through expansion of unemployment insurance since the beginning of the recession: 1.7 million

 

 

* Data is newly updated by EPI but links to original reports with older numbers.

** EPI calculation using Bureau of Labor Statistics data.


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